Get answers to your questions about divorce, family law, and our firm by
reviewing the answers below! If you have any further questions, please
don't hesitate to ask me by calling the office or submitting an online
form. I offer a free Initial consultation so that you can discuss your
case with me before making a financial obligation.
About Our Firm
Choosing a Lawyer
Q: What is a “boutique” law firm?
A: A “boutique” law firm concentrates its practice in one area
of the law and develops expertise and proficiency in that practice field.
The Law Office of
Patricia A. Sullivan is a boutique law firm concentrating in Rhode Island
divorce and related family law matters.
Potential clientele often search the web
to find an attorney and search results are confusing.
Potential clientele may find an attorney who practices in multiple areas such as, Superior Court, District
Court, Criminal Court, Bankruptcy Court, Landlord Tenant Court, Probate
Court, and Family Court and/or who practices in more than one state such
as Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. This “jack of all trades” type of attorney has
no particular concentrated practice and whose business day is going from one court
to the next court.
If you needed heart surgery, would you go
to your primary care physician?
The Law Office of
Patricia A. Sullivan is a boutique law firm concentrating in
divorce and family law. You are represented by
Patricia A. Sullivan,
not an “associate” or member of a “legal team”
from a national law firm with a branch office here in Rhode Island. You
are represented by a Rhode Island attorney who “does”
divorce and family law,
not a Rhode Island attorney who “dabbles” in family law.
Q: What happens in a "free initial consultation?"
A free initial consultation is an excellent way for a potential client to learn about his or her rights,
the court system and process of a case, and legal fees and expenses. It
is a valuable experience which not only allows the potential client to
learn about the process but also to meet and interact with the attorney.
And, most importantly, it's FREE!
Q: I often see the term "aggressive representation." Is that
a good thing?
A: Aggression is conduct intended
to be hurtful and harmful. Particularly in the "family" court,
not a good thing for obvious reasons. Yet, some lawyers think that is an effective
divorce and family law.
At The Law Office of
Patricia A. Sullivan, our strength is a capable, competent, caring, "down
to earth" representation at reasonable rates. Hostility is rarely
to effectively represent the interests of a client.
Patricia A. Sullivan is recognized by the Judges, court personnel, and fellow colleagues as
a skilled attorney capable of producing excellent results without aggression.
Q: When considering hiring a Rhode Island
divorce and family lawyer, should I consider the gender of the attorney?
A: Many women want
to hire a female lawyer because they feel more comfortable opening up
to a woman (deep down, men do,
too). Many men want
to hire a "woman" lawyer because they feel that it will give them an edge in the results of the case. Listen
to your inner voice because that really can be true.
Patricia A. Sullivan is warm, down
to earth, and caring. Men and women easily respond
to her style and the attorney -client relationship is comfortable, communicative and responsive.
Also, for men, it can be helpful
to have a woman attorney. A "man-man" team can be perceived as "ganging up"
on the wife.
Q: What are the residency requirements for getting a
divorce in Rhode Island?
A: In order
to file for
divorce in Rhode Island, one spouse must have been a resident of the state for at least one year before filing.
Q: What does Rhode Island consider grounds for divorce?
divorces are filed on the ground of irreconcilable differences which have caused the irremediable breakdown of the marriage. This is a
no fault ground.
Other grounds which are available include living separate and apart for a space in excess of three years,
adultery, and willful desertion.
Q: Where do I file for
divorce in Rhode Island?
A: A Rhode Island
divorce is ordinarily filed in the County where the Petitioning Spouse resides.
Q: How is alimony awarded in Rhode Island?
A: "Alimony may be awarded
to either party. Alimony is designed
to provide support for a spouse for a reasonable length of time
to enable the recipient
to become financially independent and self-sufficient. However, the court
may award alimony for an indefinite period of time when it is appropriate
in the discretion of the court." (Rhode Island Domestic Relations
Law - Title 15, Section 15-5-16)
Q: How is
child custody awarded in Rhode Island?
A: "Failing an agreement between the parents as
to the custody of the children, determination will be based on the best interest
of the child. In regulating the custody of the children, the court shall provide for the reasonable right
of visitation by the natural parent
not having custody of the children except upon the showing of cause as
to why the right should
not be granted. The court shall mandate compliance with its orders by both the custodial parent and the children." (Rhode Island Domestic Relations
Law - Title 15, Section 15-5-19)
Q: Should I engage a
divorce lawyer or a mediator? You should engage a
divorce lawyer. Why?
A: Mediation plays upon perceived fears: 1)
Divorce is expensive. Mediation is
not expensive. 2) Lawyers are only in it for the money so court is acrimonious, protracted, and expensive. Let's address these fears and address
some misconceptions associated with mediation. Like attorneys, mediators are business people offering a service for a fee. Some mediators are
non-lawyers and, although they certainly mean well, they are
to analyze the facts of the case in the same
way as an experienced Rhode Island
divorce attorney. Most mediators are also practicing attorneys so mediation is
not their primary field. Some mediators are even retired from their original career. Often times, mediation
is simply just another professional fee incurred because of misplaced fears. The parties participate in mediation, which may or may
not be successful.
After it concludes, then one of the spouses must still file for
divorce, serve the other, and proceed through the Court system (that is another six
to nine months following the conclusion of mediation). More often than
not, both husband and wife hire an attorney for the court case. Thus, what mediation did was create a long delay and adds yet another expense. Further, in many instances, one spouse has more power (usually financial power) than the other spouse. The more powerful spouse will encourage mediation in an effort
to obtain a superior position over the less powerful spouse ("Let's save money" really means "if you don't
get a lawyer, you don't have anyone protecting your interests so I
win"). It is also a myth that only mediators mediate. Reality is, although advocating for your interests, most
divorce attorneys will work cooperatively with each other and with the parties
to identify the issues that exists and then work
toward amicable resolution. So why
not just file for the
divorce at the outset and avoid the delay and expense of mediation?
Q: If I hire
Patricia Sullivan, what should my expectations be?
A: First, you should expect a true professional woman attorney who's exclusive, fulltime practice is
divorce and family law.
Pat is known for her integrity, competence, and excellent rapport with the Family
Court Bench and Bar. You should expect a respectful, responsive, polite,
experienced and genuinely
nice person and attorney who will effectively and efficiently guide you through this difficult
phase in your life. The goal is
to amicably and cost-effectively negotiate a settlement in the case while
avoiding a trial. Because of this, there is
Q: What is a collaborative
A: A collaborative
divorce is a non-adversarial process where, prior to filing for
divorce in the Court system, the Husband and the Wife each hire an attorney.
The Husband, Wife, and attorneys meet one or more times to define the issues,
explore alternatives, then come to an agreement.
Assets, liabilities, alimony, custody, visitation, and
child support are all topics resolved in the process.
Once the issues are resolved, the actual
divorce is filed. It is a true
uncontested divorce because all issues are agreed upon prior to the filing.
Q: Does Attorney
Patricia A. Sullivan practice collaborative
Q: Are recommendations which appear on the attorney's website reliable?
A: Yes they are. All attorneys are subject to the Rules of Professional Responsibility.
Part of the Rules of Professional Responsibility governs attorney advertising. Because attorneys must comply with the Rules, the content on their website is reliable.
Q: Are online reviews or ratings reliable?
A: No. Never assess the competency of any professional based upon an online
review or rating.
Negative ratings or reviews are
usually the result of one of two things:
(a) Cyberbullying, or
(b) Sabotage. (Often a competitor will write (or have written) a negative
review specifically to damage his competitor's professional reputation.)
Q: I was
recently served with papers for a family court matter and I have decided
to represent myself. Am I eligible for a free initial consultation?
A: Only people who intend to hire an attorney to represent them in the family
court matter are eligible for a free initial consultation.
Patricia A. Sullivan practice
divorce & family law in Massachusetts?
A: Because of her experience, reputation, personality, and commitment to client,
Pat is one of the most sought-after
divorce and family law attorneys in Rhode Island. She limits her practice
to Rhode Island to allow her Rhode Island
divorce and family law clientele optimum access to her.
Q: The Judge ordered me to pay child support then I lost my job. My ex
and I verbally agreed to lower my child support until I went back to work.
Is the verbal agreement enforceable?
A. No it is not. If there is something in writing between you and your ex
(signed by both of you) you are probably ok. But, it is more protective
to go back to Court to lower the support. If you do not have something
in writing or a
modified Court Order, then you will be accruing a child support arrearage.
I do not have the money to pay legal fees and Court costs to a private
practice Family Law attorney, are there any alternatives for me?
A. If you do not have the money to pay for a
divorce lawyer in Rhode Island, but need help with a Family Court matter,
there are (at least) two organizations that may be of assistance: Rhode
Island Legal Services and Rhode Island Bar Association.
Q: If I go through a
divorce, will Attorney Sullivan be able to protect my personal injury settlement?
A: This is something that will be a goal in your
divorce case and, in most circumstances, I will be able to successfully
protect the personal injury recovery. There are some nuances to this which
we will discuss in the free initial consultation.
Q: What is a Post Nuptial Agreement?
Postnuptial Agreement is a contract between two legally married persons who are not contemplating
divorce, but who desire to predetermine which party gets which asset in
the event of a
Q: What is a Pre Nuptial Agreement?
A: A Pre-Nuptial Agreement is a contract between two persons who are intending
to marry each other. Primarily, a
Pre-Nuptial Agreement regulates the disposition of assets acquired by each party prior to the
marriage in the event of a
divorce or death.
Q: What is a "silver" divorce?
A: "Silver" divorce refers to those couples married 25 or more years
who are separating and divorcing. Typically a "silver divorcee"
is a baby boomer.
Q: Does Pat Sullivan practice "silver" divorce?
A: Yes, absolutely. In fact, Pat is one of the first matrimonial lawyers in
Rhode Island to identify this demographic of the populace. As a result,
she has networked a team of accountants, financial planners, and appraisers
to work cooperatively with her and her client in the identification and
valuation of the marital estate and the distribution of those assets.
Q: My spouse and I are no longer living in the same house. Does that mean
we are legally separated?
A: No it does not. It means you are physically separated.
Q: I don't understand what a legal separation is.
legal separation is a court case just like a divorce is a court case. All of the same issues
that are a part of a divorce case (custody, visitation, assets etc.) are
a part of a legal separation case.
The difference is that in a legal separation you are still married to your
spouse but you live in a different place from your spouse. In a divorce,
you are no longer married to your spouse and are free to date and remarry.
Most usually, a divorce is the best alternative for a prospective client
not a legal separation.
Q: If I move out of our house, am I guilty of abandonment.
A: No you are not. All you have done is physically separate.
Q: Is the initial consultation free?
A: Yes it is. It is completely free of charge. You will meet directly with
Pat Sullivan and spend about 30 minutes discussing your situation.
Q: Is the initial consultation offered at night or on the weekend?
A: Free initial consultations are offered during usual business hours.
Q: Who is a prospective client?
A: A prospective client is a person who is not presently Pat's client
but who wants to become an actual client.
Q: Is a prospective client eligible for a free initial consultation?
Q: When my husband and I argue, he threatens me with divorce and he says that
he will make sure that I get nothing. This scares me. I really don't
want a divorce. And, I don't think my husband wants a divorce either.
He just says things about divorce in anger. Am I eligible for a free consultation?
I just want information but I don't want to pay for it.
A: You would not be considered a prospective client so you are not eligible
for a free consultation.
Q: I made an appointment for a free initial consultation and I want to
postpone it without giving the attorney a lot of prior notice. Is that ok?
A: Although we appreciate being notified by the prospective client that he/she
is not going to keep the appointment, the fact that it is free of charge
to the client, does not mean that the attorney does not suffer a financial
loss. Other than the free initial consultation, attorneys charge for their
time. So, a last minute postponement leaves a gap in the attorney's
schedule that cannot be filled. Therefore, the attorney loses money. Also,
the attorney pays the administrative assistant to schedule the initial
appointment and then a second appointment.
If you call to postpone, please explain the reasons why and, if the reason
is legitimate, you will be offered a new date for your consultation. However,
if you do not come to the second appointment you are no longer considered
a prospective client and are not eligible for a free consultation.
Q: I made an appointment for a free consultation, but I was a no show.
Can I still have a free consultation?
A: "No-Shows" are no longer considered prospective clients and are
not eligible for another appointment for a free consultation.
Q: Who gets the dog?
A: Domestic animals (dogs, cats, hamsters, etc.) are marital property. In
a contested pet case, the Court will decide which spouse will be awarded the pet. However, very few judges will approve an Order
of "pet visitation."
Q: All of our credit card debt is in the individual name of my spouse. Do I have to pay any of the credit card debt?
A: If the credit card debt was incurred during the marriage, it is likely
that both the Husband and Wife have an obligation to the creditor. During the free initial
consultation, we will discuss the family court rules regarding credit card debt.
Q: Is my spouse eligible to receive a portion of my inheritance received during the
A: In most circumstances, your spouse is not eligible to receive any portion of your inheritance. However,
there are exceptions to this. In your free initial consultation, we will discuss protecting your inheritance.
Q: What is the difference between a free initial consultation and free
A: The most important difference is that all lawyers are prohibited from giving
legal advice to a person who has not retained the lawyer.
The lawyer-client relationship is formed when the client retains the attorney.
At this point, the attorney can give advice.
Until the attorney is retained, the attorney can only speak generally about
rights and expectations, as well as, the court system and fees and expenses.
This is what occurs in the free consultation. Free consultations are an
excellent way to begin the process of a
divorce or family law matter.
Q: When I schedule a free consultation, why is my contact information important?
A: Very occasionally, a free consultation must be rescheduled. Ordinarily
this is due to an unanticipated change in Attorney Sullivan's Court
schedule or inclement weather.
Please provide a contact number with a voicemail.
Q: When I come in for my free initial consultation, do I need to bring anything?
A: For the free initial consultation, you do not have to bring anything unless
you have been served with papers. If you have been served, please bring
the paperwork that you received from the sheriff or constable.
Q: When I hire Attorney Sullivan for my divorce case, what do I bring to
- If you are the Plaintiff, please bring an original or certified copy of
your marriage certificate and your retainer. If you are employed, please
bring a recent paystub.
- If you are the Defendant, please bring the papers you were served and your
retainer. Again, if you are employed, please bring a recent paystub.
Can I bring a friend or relative with me to the free initial consultation?
A: Certainly. You can bring one friend or relative who is over the age of
18. (Please remember, however, that you have a privilege of confidentiality.
If you have a friend or relative with you, the privilege of confidentiality
Q: How should I dress when I go to Court?
A: Making a good impression is important. Business casual is suggested. Denim
is NEVER appropriate.
Q: What is a case status or pre-trial conference?
A: This is an opportunity for the attorneys to meet informally with the Judge,
usually at the bench, to discuss matters impeding the amicable resolution
of the case. Often times, the input with the Judge will help resolve the issue.
Q: What is a Nominal
A: When parties have amicably resolved all of the issues in their
divorce case, (custody, assets, liabilities, alimony (their case is considered
"nominal" or "uncontested" allowing the parties to
appear before the Judge and obtain the
Q: What is a trial and why is it necessary?
A: A trial is a formal procedure wherein the parties and witnesses testify
in open Court about contested matters such as, custody, assets, liabilities,
and alimony. After the Judge hears all of the testimony, the Judge will
decide the issues. A trial is necessary because the parties cannot be
amicable and resolve the matter.
Q: If I call for a free initial consultation during normal business hours,
but get voicemail, when will I receive a return call?
A: Almost immediately. Customer service is a priority for Pat and she is extremely
responsive to new and existing clients.
Just leave your mobile phone number and you will receive a punctual return call.
Pat has an advanced telephone system which turns voicemail to email. Because
of this, Pat is aware of voicemails within moments of the call.
On rare occasions, it may take as long as two hours for the return call
but that is usually because Pat is in Court or in a consultation.
Q: Am I eligible for a free consultation?
A: If you are actually going to file (or be served) a family court case (divorce,
custody, support etc.) and if you are actually going to hire an attorney
to represent you in that case then you are eligible for a free consultation."
For more information about the
contact a Rhode Island divorce lawyer
who can provide you with advice and answers
to your questions.